DIY Deoderant

I don’t know about you, but, when you have French class with a lot of other people that have gym with you right before, we tend to be a little smelly, depending on the day’s activity. But, besides the obvious reasons why you wouldn’t want to smell, helping prevent sweat is also good. That’s why I wear deodorant, just like most people in our world. While it is your choice, here’s how to make your own deodorant, and the chemical background of it.

Many deodorants today are filled with chemicals that aren’t safe to use on broken skin. Sweating releases toxins, and we don’t want to be taking in some of the harmful chemicals in our deodorant like, “…aluminum, parabens, triclosan, talc, propylene glycol and phthalates, all of which are harmful when absorbed through the skin.”  Skin absorbs most everything, so, even if there is a warning not to put on broken skin, whatever is in it can still be absorbed. organic products, or ones made yourself, are most ;likely the best way to go, although many companies have started producing organic  or toxic-free deodorant, which is much healthier for you. 

One article states which common chemicals to avoid and why: “

  • Aluminum. Scientists are looking at the link between Alzheimer’s disease and aluminum. It could come in the following forms: aluminum chlorohydrate, aluminum zirconium tetrachlorohydrex gly or other aluminum compounds.
  • Parabens. This group of chemicals is widely used as a preservative in the cosmetic industry. Parabens can mimic the hormone estrogen, which is known to play a role in the development of breasts
  • Triclosan. Thought to contain carcinogenic contaminants which can be stored in body fat.
  • Talc. A known carcinogen, irritant, cause of lung asphyxiation and possible link to uterine cancer. On a softer note, it clogs pores and causes acne.
  • Propylene glycol. A neurotoxin that may cause liver and kidney damage.
  • Phthalates. Shown to damage the liver, kidneys, lungs and reproductive system in animal studies.

To check out some of the FAQ’s of deodorants, check out the link below! Now, onto how to make your own organic deodorant, so that you don’t have to look at teh long lists of ingredients on the back of deodorant in the supermarket.


  1.  1/4 cup arrowroot powder (as a thickening agent)
  2. 1/4 cup baking soda
  3. 4 tbsp coconut oil (nice moisturizer!)
  4. 10+ drops grapefruit oil
  5. a jar or tin with a lid (to store it in)

Mix all of the ingredients together well. If you want, you can use a hand mixer. It should become a mixture with a balm-y consistency. To keep it solid, store in a relaticely cold place, like a fridge. And that’s it!

Now, she just said to apply the deodorant with your hands, but I think you could take a toothbrush, or a hollowed out chap-stick/deodorant tube and use that. Or you could get a sponge or something. get creative as you enjoy your toxin-free, and deliciously smelling, deodorant!



So ta ta for now and I hope to see your chemical reaction soon!


Spritzing Seltzer

bubbles (Picture from the sweet-always thinking about chemistry, even when I’m having fun! 🙂 )

I went to a sweet over the weekend and they had sparkling cider, spite, and coke among other drinks. These three all have bubbles! As I have previously done a blog post about bubbles (see post here: ) I figured I’d do a different one! So here we go!

In regard to soda, it’s usually made of carbonated water and, the best thing in the world for you, high-fructose corn syrup! Carbonated water has carbon gas in it. This causes bubbles in the water. Its chemical composition is H2CO3, which shows that both water and carbon dioxide are present.  Together, it creates carbonic acid, an ingredient in soda that makes it bubbly. High fructose corn syrup is made of, you guessed it,  sugar! Fructose is just sugar from fruit, and the corn syrup part is, wow, made of corn! The only reason it’s in syrup form is because it’s easier to put into the soda. High fructose corn syrup usually gets the sugar from beets, and are crushed into liquid form. Natural enzymes are added, and produces a paste-like substance. This reaction produces fructose, or C6H12O6.  The rest of the procedure is best summed up from the following excerpt, ” The now broken down liquid is passed through activated (reacting) carbon and is filtered. What results is an isotope of HFCS(High Fructose Corn Syrup). However, in order to be used as a sweetener for soda pop, the isotope must be combined with another isotope of HFCS. After then, the process is complete and it can be used for soda pop.” There are other things put in by companies, too, like:

  • Phosphoric Acid:

    H3PO4, Phosphoric acid makes that sensation that makes it hard to chug soda, you know, the burning fizziness. (And that is why I don’t like to drink soda! Thanks a lot,  phosphoric acid!) Most of the acidity in soda is from phosphoric acid, not from carbonation. It also slows bacteria growth,  which are lively in sugary solutions.

  • Caffeine:

    A  stimulant drug in the human body, acting upon the central nervous system, people often use soda to keep themselves awake. This caffeine is also used to get people addicted to soda, so they buy more. Soda can be used to solve headaches, but, more often than not, more than a few sips will do the opposite. However, it doesn’t affect the taste!

Co2 is that fizziness when you open a soda can. Carbon dioxide is often forced into these tiny cans at high pressure, about 1,200 pounds per square inch!The best way to explain it, “The “fssst” you hear is millions of carbon dioxide molecules bursting out of their sweet, watery prisons, where they have been held against their will.” Something interesting I learned was that an unopened can can technically be bubble-free, as the CO2 is still dissolved in the soda!  Once the can is opened, pressure is released and the bubbles try to get out of the liquid. This uses energy, as it has to “… overcome the force holding the liquid together.” While I don’t drink soda much, this was interesting because it is usually the main drink at parties! So next time you pick up a can of soda, just think, do I really need that extra dose of sugar and caffeine?


P.S. Please vote for my friend Sarah! She writes a blog 10 times better than mine, called Avogadro Salad, and is up for an edublog award! Please support her by taking a minute to vote for her! She is currently at number 2! Please help her get to number one! Thanks! Link: )

So ta ta for now and I hope to see your chemical reaction soon!

Being Brainy about Beauty


While I don’t really wear makeup, just some lip gloss and the occasional blush, I know many girls at my school who wear makeup (and sometimes too much!). Makeup is a huge industry, and  in the cosmetic field, the use of chemical resources is prominent in beauty products such as shampoos, eye shadows, and moisturizers.

In shampoos,  Glycol stearate is a thickener added to products like shampoos to give them a pearly appearance. Its sole purpose is to create a pleasant look.  Sodium lauryl sulfate is a surface-active substance which is also in shampoo, but it is also used in skin cleansers. It loosens dirt and oils, making it easier to wash them away. In mascaras, Lecithin, a lipid found naturally in plant and animal cells, is used as an emollient and moisturizing agent. It helps protect the outer layers of the epidermis against dryness and irritation. Titanium dioxide is used to lighten cosmetics such as eye shadow and foundation. Talc is also used in eye shadow and other powdery products for it is an absorbent natural compound.

Other substances added are:

  • agar: similar to algae; used in moisturizers.
  • alcohol SD-40: according to one website: “…a high-grade cosmetic alcohol that acts as an emollient and a vehicle for the other ingredients.”
  • cellulose: used as a thickener for creams and skin lotions
  • mica: a mineral found in toothpaste and other make-up products; creates a shiny, pearly look
  • parabens: used as a preservative in makeup and lotions
  • xanthan: a thickening agent used for texture

With so many different products these days, it’s hard to really know what’s in your products.  I found this very interesting because I did not know that many of the products that I use in my daily routine are based on chemistry. Without these substances the field of cosmetics would not be as advanced as it is today.  While most things in products are designed to help you, always be on the lookout for something trying to con you! For more information, and a longer list of chemicals and other substances in makeup, click the link below!


So ta ta for now and I hope to see your chemical reaction soon!

Move Over Monstrous Milk!


I have always hated milk. There’s no way around it. You had to drink it. And I couldn’t. Yes, I was lactose intolerant. I still hate milk, and I most likely always will. But that doesn’t mean I can’t have milk at all, as I could take lactaid, I just prefer not to. Anyway, I was eating something really, really spicy the other day, and I remembered my earlier post, where milk  quells the fire. Click here to read it: So, I ran to the fridge, where I found some milk. But it wasn’t any milk: it was almond milk! I drank it, and it, well, didn’t taste that bad. So I had some more. And some more. Why not take my newfould liking for almond milk and find out more? And that’s exactly what I’ve done:

Breaking down the Food Label:

Calcium : When you think of milk, you think of calcium.  Well, calcium makes up majority of almond milk, too. You can get about 200mg of calcium from drinking just a cup of almond milk! Calcium is important for mineralization and strengthening of our bones, as well as other cellular functions.

Potassium and Sodium:  In almond milk, there are about 180mg of potassium and 150mg of sodium. One article stated, “They have similar chemical structures and perform many special functions in the body. Potassium is necessary for nerve transmission and having insufficient levels of this chemical element leads to different cardiac dysfunctions. Sodium, on the other hand, works against potassium to produce cell membrane charges, which are needed for the transmission of nerve impulses.”

Protein: There is only about one gram of protein in a cup of almond milk, but some protein is better than none! However, regular milk usually contains more protein.

Fat: There is less fat in almond milk than in most other kinds of milk, as there are only unsaturated fats. “The fat content in almond milk ranges from 2.5 to 3.5, which includes Omega 3 fatty acids that can treat arthritis, lower bad cholesterol levels, make people’s moods better, and improve memory.”

Carbohydrates: A website wrote, “You don’t have to worry about consuming too many carbs when drinking a cup of almond milk because it only has around 8g: 1g of fibre plus 7g of sugars.”

Other Minerals and Vitamins: Minerals like selenium, magnesium, and manganese are found in almond milk, as well as vitamin B, vitamin A, vitamin E, and iron.

While the majority of people encourage almond milk, one website shows another, darker side to the sweet almond milk we know. First, almond milk should not be used instead of regular milk for a baby, as they need the creaminess and the protein. In addition, there is more sugar in it. Those with low thyroid functions should not intake a lot of almond milk, as it contains “goitrogenic foods that include broccoli, flax, cabbage, kale, soy and of course almond makes the thyroid to expand while a large consumption of these foods are known to cause goiters specifically when a chemical component contained in the goitrogenic foods creates a barrier to the sufficient intake of iodine by the body.” The only other threat, would should be a little more obvious than the others, is that it contains tree nuts. However, other than these threats, almond milk is a better solution to regular milk, as long as you also eat a balanced diet!

I know I will definitely drink more almond milk, as opposed to not drinking any milk at all!


So ta ta for now and I hope to see your chemical reaction soon!


When you were little, you probably had a lot of fun with bubbles. You probably got the most prized to some kind of game or as party fever. But whatever the reason, kids everywhere love bubbles and I am no different. So maybe I don’t put them in my bathtub or always blow them outside whenever I get the chance, but I am very entertained by bubbles. So I figured, why not do a blog post about bubbles!

A bubble is a thin film of soapy water. Bubbles are not just filled with air but they can also be filled with carbon dioxide or other gases. Bubbles have three layers. One layer of water is put between two other layers of soap molecules. According to one article, “Each soap molecule is oriented so that its polar (hydrophilic) head faces the water, while its hydrophobic hydrocarbon tail extends away from the water layer. No matter what shape a bubble has initially, it will try to become a sphere. The sphere is the shape that minimizes the surface area of the structure, which makes it the shape that requires the least energy to achieve.” 

But what happens when two bubbles meet?

Instead of trying to remain spheres,  the two bubbles will try  to become smaller so that their surface area lessens. If the two bubbles are the same size then the quote on quote wall that separates them will be flat. However if the bubbles are different sizes, then a smaller bubble will go into the larger bubble. Eventually, if you combine a bunch of bubbles, the cells will form the shape of a hexagon.

There are many different types of soap that you can use to make bubbles, but probably the best kind of soap would be detergents. “Detergents form bubbles in much the same way as soap, but detergents will form bubbles even in tap water, which contains ions that could prevent soap bubble formation. Soap contains a carboxylate group that reacts with calcium and magnesium ions, while detergents lack that functional group. Glycerin, C3H5(OH)3, extends the life of a bubble by forming weaking hydrogen bonds with water, slowing down its evaporation.” Never thought your childhood pastime contained so much chemistry, huh?

I love bubbles, and I know that you are never too old to play with bubbles. So if you are ever bored, grab some old bubbles or detergent and run outside. Go have fun!


So ta ta for now and I hope to see your chemical reaction soon!